Posted September 27, 2013

An oral history of the Pine Tar Game

Kansas City Royals, New York Yankees, Oral history
George Brett, Pine Tar Game

Robert F. Rodriguez/AP

 “The bat handle, for not more than 18 inches from the end, may be covered or treated with any material (including pine tar) to improve the grip. Any such material, including pine tar, which extends past the 18-inch limitation, in the umpire’s judgment, shall cause the bat to be removed from the game. No such material shall improve the reaction or distance factor of the bat.” – Rule 1.10 (b), Official Rules of Baseball, 1983

On July 24, 1983, an otherwise forgettable game between the Kansas City Royals and New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium earned a permanent place in baseball lore because of what transpired in the top of the ninth inning. The Royals trailed the Yankees 4-3 with two outs when star third baseman George Brett hit a home run to rightfield off Yankees closer Goose Gossage.

That in itself was not particularly noteworthy, but what followed certainly was. Even before Brett touched home plate, Yankees manager Billy Martin was out of the dugout ordering the umpires to inspect Brett’s bat for excessive pine tar. The umpires determined that the bat did in fact exceed the allowable 18-inch limit, and concluded that Brett had used an illegal bat. He was ejected and his hit nullified, ending the game. Temporarily, it turned out.

Brett’s reaction — sprinting out of the dugout and going right for home plate umpire Tim McClelland, who was in his first full season — instantly became one of the most bizarre and unforgettable scenes in baseball history. The Royals filed a protest of the call with the American League president, who upheld their protest and ordered the game to be resumed on Aug. 18. This time, Kansas City held on for a 5-4 win in what was already becoming known as the Pine Tar Game.

In honor of the 30th anniversary of the game, SI.com contacted those involved to hear their memories of the day and the events that followed. Interviews by SI.com contributor Mel Antonen. Additional reporting by Stephanie Apstein. Text by Ted Keith.

Both teams had already experienced less memorable pine tar moments long before their fateful encounter on that sweltering Sunday in the Bronx. On July 19, 1975, Twins manager Frank Quilici – a disciple of Martin’s – used the little-known rule to take away an RBI single by New York’s Thurman Munson in the top of the first inning.

Minnesota went on to a 2-1 win that was almost immediately forgotten, except perhaps by Quilici and a very alert Yankees third baseman. And on Sept. 7 of that year, the Royals’ John Mayberry had his bat inspected for excessive pine tar, though the home runs he hit that day against the Angels were not overturned.

Frank Quilici (Twins manager, 1972-1975): I’d always heard about the rule and thought it was screwy. We were in tough shape that season. Harmon (Killebrew) was gone. Tony Oliva was on one leg. Our shortstop, Danny Thompson, was battling leukemia. Sometimes, our owner (Calvin Griffith) wouldn’t bring any one up from the minors when we had injuries and we’d play with a 22-man roster.

I used to stay up at night and read the rule book, looking for any advantage that I could find to help our team win a game. I read about the pine-tar rule. I remembered it and thought I would use it when the time came. On that day we used it against Munson, I remember going up to the plate umpire and saying, “This is bush league, but he has too much pine tar on his bat.” He called him out. Munson was livid. He wanted to kill me. He wanted to fight, much like Brett years later. I tried to stay away from him because Munson had quite a temper.

It was a play Billy Martin would be proud of. He liked to read about generals and world leaders and he managed a game like a general. Things had to be done his way or else. He expected you to follow along.

Martin already had a well-earned reputation for rarely missing an opportunity to shake things up, be it on or off the field, by the time he became Yankees manager midway through the 1975 season. Martin guided the Yankees to the pennant the next year and the World Series title in 1977. Both times, New York took out the Royals in best-of-five ALCS showdowns that were decided in the final inning of the final game. They also dispatched the Royals in four games in the 1978 ALCS, though Martin had been fired at midseason. Kansas City finally broke through against the Yankees in the 1980 ALCS with a three-game sweep that was punctuated by Brett’s go-ahead home run into the upper deck off Goose Gossage in the final game in the Bronx.

The Royals lost the World Series that year to the Phillies. Brett, who had captured the nation’s attention by hitting .390 that season and would win the AL MVP award, made headlines for less glorious reasons when he had to leave Game 2 because of hemorrhoid pain.

By 1983, Brett was in the eighth year of what would be 13 consecutive All-Star seasons. Martin was back for the third of what would be five stints as Yankees manager and he had lost neither his combativeness nor his competitiveness, and the rivalry between the two clubs still simmered.

Lou Piniella (Yankees outfielder, 1974-84): As a team, we didn’t really like Kansas City. We had played them in the ’76, ’77 and’78 postseason and beaten them every time.

There was no love lost between the teams. We didn’t like each other. They were our big rivals and Brett was as good a hitter as there was.

George Brett (Royals third baseman, 1973-1993): I hated everyone on the Yankees, I really did. I hated ‘em all, back in that era.

Goose Gossage (Yankees pitcher, 1978-83): We had quite a rivalry going with the Royals. We didn’t like George Brett and they didn’t like us. I hated George Brett. He was such a good hitter, and it was hard to get him out. He hit really well against us in the playoffs, and so that added to it.

Everybody thought Billy Martin came up with the idea, but it was actually Graig Nettles who told Billy about the rule.

Graig Nettles (Yankees third baseman, 1973-1983): We were playing in Kansas City a couple of weeks before they came to New York, and we had noticed the excessive pine tar on Brett’s bat, so I told Billy about it, and he said, “That’s a good deal. If he gets a big hit against us, I’ll bring it up.”

Brett: I applied (pine tar) before every at-bat. I was one of the few players then and probably would be one of the few players now that never wore batting gloves. On July 24 it’s pretty hot in New York and a little muggy, so your hands sweat, so there was a lot of rosin, there was a lot of pine tar on my bat, and I used that bat for probably three or four weeks. As a result of using a bat for that length of time and putting pine tar on four, five times a day, it’s going to get pretty ugly, and the bat was pretty ugly, but it was still working.

Brett's pine-tar bat

The famous bat, which is now in the Hall of Fame. (John Stuart/SI)

Piniella: Brett’s home run was gigantic. It was gone as soon as it left the bat.

Joe Brinkman (crew chief and second base umpire): We expected that protest from the Yankees was coming, so when Brett hit the home run, I knew what Billy Martin was talking to Tim (McClelland) about. He waved me in and said, “Here’s what we’ve got.” And, I said, “Well, he’s correct.”

As we were huddled, (umpire) Nick Bremigan came up with the idea of measuring the bat at home plate. We laid it there so that we could show everyone in the world that the pine tar was too high on the bat. We wanted to show it instead of just saying it.

Nettles: I remember after the home run, thinking, “We’re going to get this one back because of a technicality.”

Brett: Back then there were a lot of guys using corked bats. I know there was a few guys I played with that used them, and that’s what I was thinking that they were gonna call me out for, because I had never heard any rule about excessive pine tar on a bat.

So when I was sitting in the dugout and somebody said, “Did you cork your bat?” I’m going, “No, I don’t need to cork my bat and I don’t know how to cork a bat.” And then Frank White, who’s sitting pretty close to me says, “You know, when they measured your bat, when they dropped the bat on home plate to measure it, they might call you out for using too much pine tar on your bat.” I go, “What do you mean?” And Frank might have said something about — I think it happened to John Mayberry — and I go, “Well, if they call me out for using too much pine tar, I’ll go out there and I’ll kill one of those SOBs.”

I swear to God, as soon as I said that, Tim McClelland starts looking for me, and he finds me, and he calls me out.

Brinkman: I remember saying, “Tim, do you want me to call him out?” He said, “I got the plate, I’ll do it.” He probably wishes that he had let me do it.

John Wathan (Royals first baseman, 1976-1985): In the dugout, George asked what they were doing, what they were talking about. I told him, “I think they are going to call you out.” George said,”‘What do you mean?” He was so angry. I was going to try and stop him, but he was out of the dugout so damn quick, I didn’t have time to do anything.

Piniella: He came charging out of that dugout with a full head of steam, no helmet on, hair flying. It was like he was running from a bull in one of those bull runs in Spain.

Brinkman: George wanted to kill Tim. He came running out, and I got a pretty good (choke) hold on him and kept him from getting to Tim. There was no time for thinking. It was just a reaction on my part.”

Gossage: I have never seen anyone as mad as George Brett on that day.

Tim McClelland (home plate umpire): We had to decide on the letter of the rule. We can’t decide between good and bad rules. A rule is a rule. I knew we were interpreting the rules the right way.

Gaylord Perry, being the man of foreign substance that he is, got the bat and took it out of my hands. He threw it to Rocky Colavito. I went to grab it from Rocky, and he held it up over his head like he was going to hit me with it.

Gaylord Perry (Royals pitcher, 1983): It’s something that had to be done. We had to take control of the evidence.

McClelland: We had to go get the bat. The players were trying to take it into the clubhouse. A security officer got it for us, and Joe locked it in the umpires’ dressing room.

15 comments
JoeyBagadoughnutz
JoeyBagadoughnutz

brett has a record that is going to be almost impossible to break:  he is the only player in history to have batting titles in 3 different decades.  1976, 1980, 1990.  and he was a pretty good partier also, before the 90s.

John NoLastName
John NoLastName

Yes, it was a ridiculous call, but Brett, aside from being a great hitter, will forever go down in baseball history as a raving lunatic who tried to attack an umpire.

dana2fig
dana2fig

Great story and recap. I remember watching the game and thinking how crazy it was, but I forgot that they finished the game. 

(By the way, Brett retired in 1993, I think---story says 1999) 

JimOFallon
JimOFallon

How do you figure that "By 1983, Brett was in the midst of his 13th consecutive All-Star season."  He was brought up to the majors in August 1973.  That would be a hell of a trick.

6marK6
6marK6

It was the most ludicrous call in the history of sports. You don't overturn a homerun on that bogus techincality. You take the bat when the Yankees present it and say you will later evaluate it. You then give it back to the Royals and tell them they need to check the rulebook or it might cost them later. But I never understood the overturning of the homerun based on the wording of that rule. It figures that a loser like Nettles would have told Martin about it, he was jealous that Brett was so much better than him.

brighat
brighat

Amazed how George kept that chaw in his mouth for a long time before spitting it out in the fracas. You can read his lips as he's restrained. He's calling it BS and rightfully so. I still get a kick of Brett running out of the dugout with that furious look on his face 30 years later. In his prime, the man was tough as nails.

PWINGS
PWINGS

"....No such material shall improve the reaction or distance factor of the bat.” 

Help me here. How does pine tar improve the reaction or distance factor of the bat?? Beyond eighteen inches from the end, it serves no useful purpose in helping the player grip the bat since no one chokes the bat up that high. It can't help the hitter's "reaction" since it ADDS weight to the bat rather than reducing it like corking the bat and would slow the bat speed down which would REDUCE the distance the ball is hit. Pine tar can't increase the "distance factor" because it is so sticky. If the ball touches the pine tar, it would tend to cause the ball to stick to the bat which would also REDUCE the distance it's hit. So no matter how you analyze it, this is an idiotic rule. Braindead! This has the stench of Bowie Kuhn all over it. Bud Selig should thank god every night for Bowie Kuhn since Bowie saved him from being the worst commissioner in MLB history.

horsley1953
horsley1953

So, in the final analysis, this was really all caused by a cheap owner :-).

pyjujiop
pyjujiop

@6marK6 The rule says that a bat with a foreign substance too high on the bat will be removed from the game if the other team protests, nothing more. If Martin wanted to protest Brett's bat, he had to do it before Brett had his at-bat, and then Brett would have had to hit using a legal bat. The reason MacPhail restored the home run was because Martin was gaming the rulebook to gain an advantage. If Brett had made an out rather than a home run, Martin wouldn't have protested the bat. The rule isn't the same for a bat with excess pine tar as it is for a corked bat. If Brett had used a corked bat and gotten caught after the fact, the out call would have stood.

JoeyBagadoughnutz
JoeyBagadoughnutz

@brighat yep, saw him play many times.  have never seen any player turn more singles into doubles than brett.  if you were a lazy or sloppy outfielder, he would tear you up.

John NoLastName
John NoLastName

@PWINGS I could be wrong, but I believe they're concerned that if the pine tar is too far up the bat handle, it's more likely to get on the ball.

ken.hahr
ken.hahr

@pyjujiop @6marK6 However, the article does mention that in a similar situation in the mid 70s, Thurman Munson had a signle turned into an out in a similar situation...Makes you wonder why a. it didn't come up earlier b. they didn't go by the precedent...